- Standard Operating Procedures implementing the mechanism for resettlement from Turkey to the EU as set out in the EU-Turkey Statement of 18 March 2016
- EU-Turkey refugee deal: staff shortages and rights concerns pose twin threat / Fears grow over refugee safety with EU returns plan set to take effect / Greece insists refugee deportations will begin despite doubts over EU-Turkey deal
- 02.04.2016: EU suspects Russian Agenda in Migrants’ shifting Arctic route
- AI: Turkey: illegal mass returns of Syrian refugees expose fatal flaws in EU-Turkey deal
- 01.04.2016: Greece cannot meet deadline for sending first migrants to Turkey / Amid clashes, Greece presses on with plan to deport migrants / Take a country on the brink. Now add 10,000 asylum hearings a week
- 5 deadlines to watch on the EU-Turkey migration deal
- A proper comparison might show Italy is more hospitable to refugees than Sweden
- Hungary FM: Unchecked migration increases risk of terror
- EU must face up to risks of dirty deal withTurkey (ECRE)
- Legal considerations on the return of asylum-seekers and refugees from Greece to Turkey as part of the EU-Turkey Cooperation Tackling the Migration Crisis under the safe third country and first country of asylum concept – UNCHR
- Put the refugee ‘crisis’ in context — UNHCR
- The Paradox of the EU-Turkey Refugee Deal (MPI)
- 10 Insights About the Syrian Refugee Crisis Five Years On – Amin Awad (UNHCR)
- Refugee sets himself alight as EU’s grand plan to staunch exodus of asylum seekers unravels (Telegraph)
- Commission makes immediate proposal to implement EU-Turkey agreement: 54,000 places allocated for resettlement of Syrians from Turkey
- Relocation out, “one-for-one” in (Statewatch news roundup 21.03.16)
- Secret EU plan to deport 80,000 Afghans (Telegraph)
- UNHCR redefines role in Greece as EU-Turkey deal comes into effect (UNHCR)
- EU-Turkey Statement, 18 March 2016
- 17-18.03.2016: European Council Conclusions; UNHCR response
- 15.03.2016: “Later, this month, [Grandi] will issue an appeal for member states [of the UN] to accept at least 10 percent of Syria’s refugees. That’s 400,000 people who need to be resettled, including about 170,000 whom nations have already promised to take,” UN Refugee Chief: Western Leaders Stir Up ‘Hatred for the Stranger, for the Immigrant’.
- 10.03.2016: Observations by the UNHCR Regional Representation for Northern Europe on the draft law proposal on restrictions of the possibility to obtain a residence permit in Sweden (“Begränsningar av möjligheten att få uppehållstillstånd i Sverige – utkast till lagrådsremiss”)
- Responses to the 7 March EU-Turkey summit: UNHCR; ECRE; GPPI – Auf wiedersehen, refugee law; Three legal requirements for the EU-Turkey deal: An interview with James Hathaway; UN refugee agency says it will resettle migrants despite concerns
- 07.03.2016: Turkey Places Conditions on EU for Migrant Help
- 25.02.2016: Austria and 9 Balkan States Agree on Steps to Address Refugee Crisis, aiming “to choke off the flow of refugees from Greece, effectively imposing their own response to the migrant crisis while the EU has been paralyzed over what to do.”
- 17.02.2016: On Macedonia’s recent “audition,” Fortress Europe’s Balkan Outpost
- 12.02.2016: on increased resettlement of refugees in Turkey, the Right plan–and the wrong one–to address the refugee crisis
- 12.02.2016: “By assuming dependency the Danish refugee bill is actually creating it,” The Danish refugee bill and what happens when you treat everyone the same
- 11.02.2016: NATO jumps in the mix, NATO will send ships to the Aegean Sea to deter human trafficking with a mandate that is likely to evolve, including intercepting boats and returning them to Turkey, A turning-point in the refugee crisis?; NATO goes to sea to save the refugees; Is sending NATO to ‘stem the refugee flow’ illegal?
- 10.02.2016: “What does it mean to the people in Calais (or those who are not, but might as well be), if they can so easily be used to evoke fears of invasion, of a swarming terror? Cameron’s underlying logic involves trading on the dehumanized foreigner, a meme for the modern bogeyman, usefully deployed to frighten not children but British voters into good behaviour. And so, the call to the humanitarian and human rights community is not simply to defend law and policies or to deliver assistance, but to counter (the principle of) humanity under attack and the equally powerful banalization of the attack. That is where it starts. That is where it always starts.” Operation Fear, Redux
- 10.02.2016: a great overview of the regional developments, Overwhelmed by refugee flows, Scandinavia tempers its warm welcome; The death of the most generous nation on Earth
- 08.02.2016: three bad ideas: pay Turkey to keep people there; trap people in Greece; and, make life miserable for those who get here, Fear and Loathing of Refugees in Europe
- 06.02.2016: How to manage the migrant crisis: curbing “push factors” by beefing up aid, using “hotspots,” and halting uncontrolled migrant flows in Europe.
- 05.06.2016: These are the toughest places for asylum seekers to enter Europe
- 03.02.2016: The Finnish president adds his voice to the choir for change, President Niinisto: Migrants pose challenge to western values
- 2.02.2016: On Islam and the crisis of liberal values in Europe, “The Elephant in the Room“
- 01.02.2016: A way for Europe to remove chaos from the migration crisis, “It is time for the EU to recognize that the mismanaged, chaotic nature of the recent refugee flow is as much — if not more — of a threat than the numbers of refugees itself.”
- 01.02.2016: Europe’s refugee story has hardly begun, “There are only two variables: what the EU does next and what the European people do.”
- 31.01.2016: Europe’s immigration bind: how to act morally while heeding the will of its people, “This dilemma exists not because European populations are particularly drawn to immoral or unworkable policies but because of the way that the immigration issue has been framed by politicians of all hues over the past 30 years.”
- 30.01.2016: On the EU-Turkey deal, “It was one of the most important European foreign-policy initiatives in years, but there was not a sniff of strategy to it,” Value shoppers
- 29.01.2016: HRW’s Letter and memorandum to donors attending the “Supporting Syria and the Region” conference
- 29.01.2016: ECRE strongly opposes legitimizing push-backs by declaring Turkey a “safe third country; ICG’s EU Global Strategy: Expert Opinion
- 29.01.2016: “The jewelry law is a warning, therefore, of how far Europe could sink if we are not able to address this problem together,” There is something rotten in the state of Denmark
- 29.01.2016: Pascal Brice’s lecture, Can Europe build a unified response to the asylum crisis?
- 28.01.2016: Rights groups criticize Europe refugee resettlement plan, “…top-level politicians may be willing to use mass resettlement as a way of managing the fallout from the European refugee crisis. The plan has been criticized by rights groups because it would go hand in hand with the expulsion, possibly via ferry, of most refugees who land on European shores in the future.”
- 28.01.2016: David Cameron Agrees to Resettle Lone Child Refugees But Not From Europe
- 27.01.2016: EU warns Greece over border controls
- January 2016: On the economics behind building borders, Who is cashing in on keeping migrants out?
- 25.01.2016: The ever-expanding list of European policies that target refugees and EU laws designed to deter refugees
- 23.01.2016: On the political challenges in Europe, An ill wind
- 23.01.2016: On refugee cams vs. camps full of refugees, The Calais Jungle isn’t a refugee camp, it’s a camp full of refugees — and there’s a huge difference.
- 22.01.2016: A recap of 2015, Europe’s New Normal
- 22.01.2016: A helpful, succinct overview, Could the refugee crisis really break up the European Union?
- 22.01.2016: A roundup of comments from Davos, French PM Manuel Valls says refugee crisis is ‘destabilizing’ Europe; Migrant crisis: EU at grave risk, warns France PM Valls
- 20.01.2016: A recording of Cathryn Costello’s seminar at RSC – Destination Europe: States, borders and refugees
- 20.01.2016: An editorial, “It is vital both that Europe’s external borders are properly managed and that the task of absorbing the refugees is proportionally shared, maybe by a quota, hard though it is.” The Guardian view on EU refugee controls: sharing is the only solution
- 20.01.2016: Four Syrian refugees must be brought from Calais camp to Britain, judges rule
- 20.01.2016: UK lobbies against plan to scrap EU’s Dublin resolution
- 20.01.2016: “It is now reasonably clear that the Dublin III Regulation has failed, whether that is because of its cynical application by Member States or because of the increase in entrants due to the catastrophe in North Africa. Whatever replaces it must be fair to Member States and fair to the people risking their lives to escape persecution.” Dublin regulation to be scrapped?
- 19.01.2016: EU to shift refugee burden to northern states (ahem, is this why Nordic governments are so keen on changing their laws right now?)
- 14.01.2016: from the World Economic Forum, 3 ways for countries to build resilience to mass refugee flow
- January 2016: Humanity adrift
- “The answer lies in Europe’s dysfunctional asylum policy which, to borrow the phrasing of Refugee Law scholar Cathryn Costello, majors in shifting responsibility for refugees and migrants instead of sharing it.”
- “Dutch academic Hein de Haas believes the Left has boxed itself in when it comes to migration by drawing on humanitarian arguments and neglecting practical ones.‘You can’t persuade people to have the same values as you,’ he tells me in a weary tone when we meet in an Oxford bookshop. Instead, he has spent years running the numbers. His analysis tracks migration flows and policy over the past century in 163 countries. And his findings are startling. His work on visa policy shows that border controls have often spurred settlement, not stopped it.” [links in original text]
UDI’s Director, Frode Forfang, recently wrote a blog post about rethinking the international refugee regime (det internasjonale flyktningregimet) by – if I understand him correctly – doing away with asylum in favor of a European-based quota system —
La oss tenke oss et helt annet system. Et system der Europa hvert år tok imot opptil flere hundre tusen flyktninger på kvote og fordelte dem mellom landene. Antallet kunne variere fra år til år og tilpasses den aktuelle flyktningsituasjonen. I et Europa med rundt 500 millioner innbyggere, ville det vært en relativt overkommelig oppgave. En forutsetning for å skape folkelig og politisk vilje til noe slikt, er imidlertid at det eksisterende systemet der retten til å søke asyl er grunnlaget for det internasjonale flyktningregimet, opphører i sin nåværende form.
He ends by noting,
Å endre det internasjonale flyktningregimet er selvsagt ingen enkel sak. Retten til å søke asyl er en del av folkeretten. Også EU-retten regulerer dette. En endring må ha et humanitært grunnlag, og må blant annet kunne sikre flyktninger en akutt nødhavn. Men en ny ordning må også ta utgangspunkt i en erkjennelse av at dagens system verken ivaretar grunnleggende humanitære prinsipper eller statenes rett til å styre innvandringen. I mellomtiden står asylretten sterkt som det eneste alternativet vi har.
It unleashed a whole host of responses —
- Frode Forfang, Et bedre flyktningsystem?, on Dagsnytt 18
- UDI-direktøren vil gravlegge asylinstituttet, Tron Strand og Simen Granviken in Aftenposten
- Flere partier er åpne overfor UDI-direktørens asylforslag, Tron Strand, og Simen Granviken in Aftenposten
- Dagens system bygger på et paradoks. Finnes et bedre internasjonalt flyktningsystem?, Frode Forfang
- Forbuden Flukt, Hege Ulstein
- Farvel til asylretten?, Erik Christophersen
- Jusprofessor om <<UDI-opprøret>>: -Betryggende, Pål Ertzaas in VG
related: 07.01.2016: UDI-direktøren oppsummerte asylåret 2015 (UDI)
Via the BBC —
[Antonio Guterres] called for the numbers of refugees being resettled in Europe to be increased.
“We are encouraged by the fact that a number of European countries have been saying, and I believe this is on the table to the European Council, that a massive resettlement programme needs to be put in place for Syrians, but I would expect also for refugees in general,” he told a news conference.
“And when I mean massive, I mean hundreds and hundreds of thousands of people, not just what has been discussed until now in relation to resettlement.
“If this is not put in place and the tragedy in the Aegean goes on and the Balkan chaotic situation goes on, I must say I am very worried for the future of the European asylum system.”
EU states have agreed to resettle 22,000 people direct from UN refugee camps but so far only about 600 have arrived.
Peter Sutherland, the UN special envoy for migration, also called on European states to take more refugees.
Dr Cathryn Costello and Prof Guy Goodwin-Gil hosted a webinar, ‘Is there a refugee crisis in Europe, or a crisis of lack of refugee protection?‘, on 12.11.15 for OxHRH.
(the 1956 Hungarian crisis is specifically addressed starting at 33:00; also, they field a fascinating question about the analytical use of norms before the recording ends)
Heightened tensions in the region these days —
- via IMDi: 18,000 flyktninger må bosettes i 2016
- 26.11.15: temporary border controls resume in Norway
- 80.000 migranter og asylsøkere har ankommet Sverige de siste to månedene. Det svenske mottakssystemet er i ferd med å bryte sammen, og onsdag varslet Sverige derfor tiltak for å redusere tilstrømmingen av asylsøkere og migranter.– Vi kan ikke vente til det samme skjer i Norge. Derfor har vi allerede satt i verk en rekke tiltak, men vi må følge nøye hva andre land gjør og handle raskt, sier Anders Anundsen.
- 04.12.15: Border controls will continue for 20 (+) days.
- 18.12.15: Border controls will continue until 15.01.16 (+)
- Solberg: Legger press på EU — åpner for å avvise asylsøkere
- “Vi kan ikke ha en situasjon hvor alle går oppover i Europa og ender i Tyskland, Norge, Sverige og Finland fordi vi er endestasjonen på en reise”
- Solberg, in dialogue with Norwegian municipalities: Mottakssystemet er i krise
- Food vouchers: Regjeringen vil slutte å gi enslige, unge asylsøkere penger
- 14.01.16: Norway to Refugees: If You Came on a Bike, You’ll Probably Leave on a Bike
- More restrictive measures are going into effect, including time-limited residence permits: Svenske asyl-tiltak vil send sjokkbølgjer gjennom Europa
- The changes highlight domestic political tension: Swedish official hates her new refugee policy so much she is literally crying about it; Sweden’s deputy prime minister cries while announcing refugee u-turn ; Vi seal kennel håndtere death; Sweden shuts the door.
- 01.12.15 update: EU to relocate asylum seekers in Sweden
- 03.12.15 update: Swedish government proposes bridge closure
- 03.01.16 update: Sweden to impose ID checks on travelers from Denmark
- 05.01.16 update: Sweden drops a barrier across the huge bridge that links it to Denmark
- 11.01.16 update: Far Right Comes to Sweden
- update: Därför vågade ingen tala öppet om flyktingkrisen
- 14.01.16 update: When ‘Underage’ Refugees Look Anything But
- 14.01.16 update: Väljare: Flyktingfrågan viktigast
- 23.03.16 update: The Swedish school helping migrants feel at home
- 07.01.16 edit: UN backlash against call to scale back Geneva convention on refugees
- 08.01.16: UNHCR Observations on the proposed amendments to the Danish Aliens legislation, L87: Lov om enduring af udlændingeloven
- 15.01.16: Denmark says plan to seize refugees’ valuables misunderstood
- 15.01.16: Denmark: amendments to the Aliens Act risk violating international legal standards – Commissioner for Human Rights, Council of Europe
- 26.01.16: Danish parliament approves plan to seize assets from refugees; Jagland om Danmarks <<smykkelov>>: -Kan være lovstridig
Norway – Sweden – Denmark comparisons:
- Skandinavia strammer inn
- 04.01.16 edit: Sweden and Denmark add border checks to stem flow of migrants
08.12.15 edit: Add Finland to the mix:
- The science behind why people fear refugees
- related: what current debates are really about, “what we’re debating right now is really more about American feelings (our sense of security versus our sense of righteousness) than it is about macro-level solutions to their crisis.” from: Europe’s refugee problems, and ours
- Our reaction to terrorism is more dangerous than the terrorists
- It’s not just Trump: Islamophobia in America is spiraling out of control
- “As the debate developed, it became clearer why this was: The backlash against Syrian refugees wasn’t really about Paris, but rather about a deeper fear of Muslims that has been building for some time.”
- This is what political philosophy can tell us about how to respond to Syrian refugees
- A rundown of State Governors Who Think They Can Keep Syrian Refugees Out + how they can creatively interfere; see also this Vox overview + constantly updated map
- How resettlement actually works in the US: the 13-step process to be resettled in the US; Dept. of State background on resettlement screening procedures;
- Using refugees in political ads,
- Louisiana gubernatorial campaign: The first campaign ad citing the Syrian refugees is out. And it’s a doozy. (David Vitter)
- Donald Trump radio ad
- Some Republicans only want to let in Christian refugees
- Rejecting Syrian Refugees
- Bringing in Congress, Syrian refugee fight sparks government shutdown threat; House Republicans seek to cut off funding for Syrian resettlement program; Task force created on Syrian Refugees, asking for a “pause” in the intake; Obama vows to veto Syrian refugee bill; Syrian Refugee Crisis hearing @ House Judiciary Committee; 20.11.15 update: Obama’s in the corner + GOP has long-term plans.
- Former National Security Officials weigh in:
- “We must remain vigilant to keep our nation safe from terrorists, whether foreign or homegrown, and from violence in all its forms. At the same time, we must remain true to our values. These are not mutually exclusive goals. In fact, resettlement initiatives help advance U.S. national security interests by supporting the stability of our allies and partners that are struggling to host large numbers of refugees.”
- for shame: Mosques vandalized as US states reject Syria refugees
- beautiful chart alert: The US used to accept a lot of refugees. This chart shows what happened.
- While traveling in Malaysia, Obama draws attention to Rohingya
- “Helt Texas“: KKK plans protest of Syrian Refugees in Texas
- How the Paris Attacks are Changing the EU’s Debate on Refugees
- Why Syrian refugee passport found at Paris attack scene must be treated with caution
- European leaders link terror threat to immigration
- Misframing the refugee debate
- Is this basically the remake of The NeverEnding Story? Growing Air War in Syria Sparks New Refugee Crisis